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Research report 425 Demand responsive passenger transport in low-demand situations

Published: | Category: Research & reports , Research programme | Audience: General

Demand responsive services (DRT) are seen as a cure for high-cost bus services in low-demand areas. DRT services cover a wide spectrum and international experience shows mixed success. In 2009/10 Booz and Company investigated DRT services to understand common success and failures. An international literature review was conducted, as well as assessing three New Zealand/Australian case studies as follows:

Research report 385 Regional transport targets for sustainable transportation in New Zealand

Published: | Category: Research & reports , Research programme | Audience: General

In early 2008, Ian Wallis Associates, together with Pinnacle Research & Policy Ltd (Carolyn O’Fallon) and Transport Futures Consultancy (Don Wignall), were contracted by the NZ Transport Agency to develop regional targets for three of the six national level targets set out in the Government Policy Statement on Land Transport Funding (GPS), which was released in August 2008. The 2008 GPS targets were directly shaped by those in the NZ Transport Strategy 2008, and were designed to be short-to medium-term targets that the transport sector would achieve by 2015. The specific targets we regionalised were:

Research report 468 Living in intensified urban environments: residential self-selection and travel behaviour

Published: | Category: Research & reports , Research programme | Audience: General

In this research project we used a combination of a literature review; an analysis of secondary data and accessibility indices; and an online survey of inner city and non-inner city residents in Auckland and Wellington to examine the impact of urban intensification on people's travel behaviour, mode choice and household vehicle ownership.

Research Report 469 A wider look at how travellers value the quality and quantity of travel time

Published: | Category: Research & reports , Research programme | Audience: General

In the context of transport policy, travel time is widely treated in purely economic terms, with the key aim of 'saving' or reducing what is seen as unproductive travel time.

Research Report 554 Travel time predictability

Published: | Category: Research & reports , Research programme | Audience: General

Reliable journey time is a key parameter in travellers' route choice and has important applications in transport planning and modelling. For transport users, it affects their choice of mode, journey route and also their activity patterns. For transport planners and policy makers, journey time estimates are used to provide key indicators for performance monitoring, congestion management, travel demand modelling and forecasting, traffic simulation, air quality analysis, evaluation of travel demand and traffic operations strategies.

Research Report 512 The New Zealand accessibility analysis methodology

Published: | Category: Research & reports , Research programme | Audience: General

This research considers land use and transport accessibility drawing on international practice from the UK, Europe, USA and Australia. An objective of the research was to define accessibility and propose a methodology for how accessibility could be measured and quantified in New Zealand, both at a neighbourhood or a wider area such as a suburb, city or region.

Research Report 391 Low-emission fuel-efficient light vehicles

Published: | Category: Research & reports , Research programme | Audience: General

To assist in meeting climate change commitments, there is a target to reduce the per-capita greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from transport to half the 2007 levels by 2040. Light vehicles contribute 93% of the total kilometres travelled by the fleet in New Zealand, and about 81% of the greenhouse gas emissions. This report reviews the range of light vehicles available today. It considers the fuel and engine technologies that are available at present or will be become available in the near future. For each of these vehicle, fuel and engine technologies, the emissions and fuel efficiency performance is evaluated. The transport demand for light vehicles is assessed, and a range of options for improving the fuel efficiency and emissions performance of the New Zealand light-vehicle fleet are considered.

Research Report 350 Economic development benefits of transport investment

Published: | Category: Research & reports , Research programme | Audience: General

This report reviews the major approaches for assessing national and regional economic benefits, as well as the potential distributional implications of transport induced benefits. The paper assesses whether transport influences national and regional economic development, and if so, how this is role is best asserted. The primary economic assessment methods considered include: social cost benefit analysis (SCBA), input-output analysis (I-O), and computable general equilibrim (CGE). SCBA is most effective for determining the value of project objectives and outcomes from a social welfare perspective. I-O and CGE take macroeconomic perspectives of system wide effects of transport investment including employment, GDP and taxes.

Research report 392 The implications of discount rate reductions on transport investments and sustainable transport futures

Published: | Category: Research & reports , Research programme | Audience: General

The effects of reducing the discount rate used in evaluations of initiatives funded from the National Land Transport Fund (NLTF) were assessed during 2007–09. Over 160 projects across a range of project types were collated and the relative effects of different discount rates were documented.

Research Report 270 Implications of selected urban road tolling policies for New Zealand

Published: | Category: Research & reports , Research programme | Audience: General

Over recent years, interest has been increasing, in New Zealand and internationally, in the application of tolling policies to contribute to the funding of major new road infrastructure projects in larger urban areas. Typically these policies result in a major tolled route being inserted in a network of ‘free’ roads. Often private sector funding is involved. Keywords: economics, modelling, New Zealand, pricing, roads, road tolling, toll schemes, traffic, urban areas.
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