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Research report 392 The implications of discount rate reductions on transport investments and sustainable transport futures

Published: | Category: Research & reports , Research programme | Audience: General

The effects of reducing the discount rate used in evaluations of initiatives funded from the National Land Transport Fund (NLTF) were assessed during 2007–09. Over 160 projects across a range of project types were collated and the relative effects of different discount rates were documented.

Research report 440 Reducing pedestrian delay at traffic signals

Published: | Category: Research & reports , Research programme | Audience: General

Since 2000, the benefits of walking as a mode of travel have been recognised by the New Zealand government in a raft of policy statements and strategies. However, the Ministry of Transport acknowledges that there are a number of issues to overcome to encourage more walking. This research focuses on one of the key issues: namely, the delay experienced by pedestrians at traffic signals. Historically, New Zealand's approach to pedestrian delay has been minimal, with pedestrian issues considered primarily from the point of view of safety, rather than level of service or amenity. At traffic signals, pedestrians are often accommodated in a way that causes the least amount of interruption to motorised traffic, and signal cycle times can be long, leading to excessive pedestrian waiting times. This can lead to frustration, causing pedestrians to violate the signals and use their own judgement to cross, resulting in safety risks.

Research Report 435 Walking and cycling: improving combined use of physical activity/health and transport data

Published: | Category: Research & reports , Research programme | Audiences: Local & regional government, Road traffic engineers & consultants

SPARC's Active New Zealand Survey (ANZS) is a high-quality nationwide survey of over 4000 adults collected through face-to-face interviews over 12 months in 2007/08. Although collected mainly to measure levels of sport/recreation activity and to quantify physical activity in general, it includes data of interest to the transport sector on walking and cycling.This report uses the ANZS data to meet the following transport-related objectives:

Research Report 484 The social impacts of poor access to transport in rural New Zealand

Published: | Category: Research & reports , Research programme | Audience: General

Little social research on rural access to transport in rural communities has been carried out in New Zealand. With assistance from the NZ Transport Agency, the researchers addressed this issue and the social effects of poor access. Census and national travel survey data provided a picture of access to private and public transport, travel patterns and socio-economic characteristics of residents in areas with different levels of transport access. Two rural community case studies were conducted to document the social issues and impacts of poor access to transport, and to identify local attempts to solve transport problems. Options for addressing poor access to transport and its effects were explored with government and private sector transport specialists.

Research Report 439 Generation of walking, cycling and public transport trips: pilot study

Published: | Category: Research & reports , Research programme | Audience: General

This research investigated a method for collecting data relating to walk, cycle and public transport trips to land-use activities. A method needed to be developed that would require a short questionnaire to ensure higher sample rates, while also providing reliable and consistent results. This data could subsequently be used in calculating trip rates for walk, cycle and public transport trips, when combined with trip rate units such as floor area. Multi-modal trip data has been collected for some time in the UK. The survey method developed in this research was simpler than the UK method by interviewing in only one direction for the vast majority of land uses, apart from residential where the recommended method was to interview in both directions. A face-to-face questionnaire method was developed over a series of different site surveys in Auckland, Wellington and Christchurch during 2010.

Research Report 481 Demand for transport services: impact on networks of older persons' travel as the population of New Zealand ages

Published: | Category: Research & reports , Research programme | Audience: General

This research, undertaken in 2010, aimed to provide predictions of older persons' (age 65+) demand for transport until the mid-21st century in New Zealand, and how this will affect our networks.

Research Report 299 Land transportation and noise: land use planning for a quieter New Zealand

Published: | Category: Research & reports , Research programme | Audience: General

This research carried out in Christchurch in 2004 and 2005 looks at the problem of land transport noise in New Zealand and examines the effects of noise, and the options for its reduction. Lessons from international examples show that land use planning methods can be applied to New Zealand to ensure sustainable transport and development outcomes. Land use planning is most effective as a preventive tool while technical options may be more effective for existing noise problems. A key lesson from international case studies is the need for integration of policies within different government departments to achieve sustainable outcomes. An approach that integrates traditional land use planning measures with transport planning has proved effective in many European countries and is being used by state planning authorities in Australia and the United States. Keywords: land use, New Zealand, noise, planning, roads, transport

Research Report 396 Public transport network planning: a guide to best practice in NZ cities

Published: | Category: Research & reports , Research programme | Audience: General

This research explores the potential for the ‘network-planning’ approach to the design of public transport to improve patronage of public transport services in Auckland, Wellington and Christchurch. Network planning, which mimics the ‘go-anywhere’ convenience of the car by enabling passengers to transfer between services on a simple pattern of lines, has achieved impressive results in some European and North American cities, where patronage levels have grown considerably and public subsidies are used more efficiently.

Research report 444 Integrated transport and land use: Sylvia Park as a case study

Published: | Category: Research & reports , Research programme | Audience: General

Strategic government documents emphasise the need for more integrated land use and transport planning. This study, undertaken in 2009–11, considers the Sylvia Park retail centre in Auckland, New Zealand, as a case study of more integrated land use and transport policies. Our analysis of the costs and revenues associated with different transport modes suggests that Sylvia Park is likely to benefit from better integration of walking and cycling facilities, and improved bus services. This analysis indicates that improving alternative modes and more efficient parking management may deliver financial benefits to the retail centre, as well as economic benefits to wider society. To support more integrated outcomes, four key recommended priorities for regulatory reform are identified:

Research Report 438 Slow zones: their impact on mode choices and travel behaviour

Published: | Category: Research & reports , Research programme | Audience: General

Given that the safety impacts of traffic management measures, including their effect on traffic speed, have been reasonably well-established, we wanted to explore the potential impact of such treatments on mode choice and travel behaviour such as travel patterns. We created the term 'slow zone' treatment or programme to generically describe the aim of any programme that modified the physical road environment in such a way it would moderate driver behaviour, slow vehicle traffic, and/or improve the environment of the neighbourhood. We adopted an evaluability assessment framework as the methodological approach for this research project. Evaluability assessment is a systematic process that helps identify whether a planned programme evaluation is justified, feasible and likely to provide useful information. In the first stage of an assessment, one output is an evidence-based logic model. In completing the tasks for this stage, we found the evidence review did not allow us to develop...