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You searched in: Research programme

1

Category: Research programme

Research Report 542 Ongoing domestic freight volume information study

Published: Mar 2014
  • Reference: 542
  • ISBN: 978-0-478-41903-0
  • Author: R Paling, Richard Paling Consulting, Auckland | M King, Murray King and Francis Small Consultancy, Wellington | J Ballantyne and C McBride, Traffic Design Group, Lower Hutt | A Gray, Statistics Research Associates, Wellington

The availability of comprehensive and reliable information on the movement of freight is increasingly seen as an important element in the effective planning for the sector, both by those providing infrastructure and those providing services. However, the main source of data on freight movements, the Ministry of Transport's National Freight Demand Study, was based on data that is now...

2

Category: Research programme

Research Report 546 Measuring the resilience of transport infrastructure

Published: Feb 2014
  • Reference: 546
  • ISBN: 78-0-478-41915-3
  • Author: JF Hughes and K Healy - AECOM New Zealand Ltd

Internationally there is a growing call to improve the resilience of our critical infrastructure. This is in response to a realisation that the services we take for granted may be robust in the face of predictable hazards/failures, but are in fact extremely fragile in the face of unanticipated shocks.

In the context of transport infrastructure, operators strive to ensure that transport...

3

Category: Research programme

Research Report 543 Pavement design for specialist surfacings

Published: Jan 2014
  • Reference: 543
  • ISBN: 978-0-478-41905-4
  • Author: G Arnold, A Stubbs and J Vercoe - Road Science

Leutner shear tests to measure bond strength and flexural beam tests to measure flexibility were conducted on specialist surfacing resins used in New Zealand for coloured and high-friction surfacings. The flexural beam tests found the specialist surfacing resins, except for one, to be very flexible at 5 and 20 degree test temperatures. This flexibility showed that the specialist surfacing resins...

4

Category: Research programme

Research Report 545 - The relationship between crash rates and rutting

Published: Jan 2014
  • Reference: 545
  • ISBN: 978-0-478-41916-0
  • Author: PD Cenek, RJ Henderson and M Forbes - Opus Research (previously Opus Central Laboratories) | RB Davies - Statistics Research Associates | A Tait - National Institute of Water and Atmospherics

This report details research carried out in Wellington, New Zealand, over the period 2012-2013. The broad aim was to develop relationships between rut depths and crashes on New Zealand's state highway network.

A literature review suggested that deep ruts could either:

- increase crash rate because of reduced vehicle control, or
- reduce crash rate as drivers...

5

Category: Research programme

Improving the cost-benefit analysis of integrated PT, walking and cycling

Published: Dec 2013
  • Reference: 537
  • ISBN: 978-0-478-40787-7
  • Author: M Wedderburn, Sinclair Knight Merz | Colin Buchanan, Wellington

This research project developed an evaluation framework for estimating the cost-benefit analysis of integrating PT with walking and cycling.

The research was based on a review of the available international evidence of public transport access and egress behaviour. Where evidence was available, analysis of trip chains from the New Zealand Household Travel Survey highlighted patterns of...

  • Reference: 541
  • ISBN: 978-0-478-41902-3
  • Author: Samuel G Charlton and Nicola J Starkey - University of Waikato

The goal of the research was to evaluate the effects of alcohol on the performance of New Zealand drivers across 0.05% and 0.08% blood alcohol concentration (BAC) levels. An experimental test was conducted with 61 participants assigned to one of two alcohol dose conditions or a placebo control group. Comparison of alcohol doses showed that a BAC of 0.08% produced a level of impairment...

  • Reference: 540
  • ISBN: 978-0-478-41901-6
  • Author: J Chang, C Morahan Opus International Consultants, Christchurch | G Rive, Dr J Thomas Opus Research, Lower Hutt | C Crooks Opus International Consultants, Wellington

The purpose of this research was two-fold: 1) to provide evidence-based recommendations that identify the Transport Agency's customers' key information needs, and 2) to provide best-practice guidance on ways the Transport Agency can best offer and 'push' the delivery of multimodal travel information that is tailored to individuals.

This research was...

  • Reference: 539
  • ISBN: 978-0-478-40789-1
  • Author: G Taplin, AECOM, Melbourne, M Deery, AECOM, Sydney, T van Geldermalsen, Melbourne, J Gilbert, AECOM, Auckland, R Grace, AECOM, Melbourne

This research report proposes a new vehicle loading standard for the design and evaluation of road bridges and other highway infrastructure in New Zealand. It is based upon a literature review of current traffic loading and bridge evaluation specifications in New Zealand and overseas, as well as a review of studies into the economic aspects of bridge design loadings and the economic ...

9

Category: Research programme

Accurate and affordable location technology for New Zealand

Published: Nov 2013
  • Reference: 535
  • ISBN: 978-0-478-40784-6
  • Author: D Barnston, R Brill, A Harding, NJ Jamieson, M Ladd, N Stillwell - Opus International Consultants

A potential gap between available location technology and its use on the ground was identified in the New Zealand land transport sector. This research sought to bridge that gap and support the NZ Transport Agency's ('Transport Agency') goal to increase the use of appropriate location technology by its key providers. Consultation with these was undertaken to understand the...

10

Category: Research programme

Research Report 533 Economic appraisal of public transport service enhancements

Published: Oct 2013
  • Reference: 533
  • ISBN: 978-0-478-40781-5
  • Author: I Wallis and A Lawrence - Ian Wallis Associates Ltd and N Douglas - Douglas Economics

This research project was undertaken to provide guidance on appropriate methods and benefits parameters to use in the economic appraisal of public transport proposals (in particular service enhancements) in New Zealand.

The research involved two focus areas and a case study. The first focus area included an international review of economic and project appraisal approaches and...

11

Category: Research programme

Research Report 538 Reliability and freight literature and practice review

Published: Oct 2013
  • Reference: 538
  • ISBN: 978-0-478-40788-4
  • Author: Carolyn OFallon - Pinnacle Research, Dr Alan Nicholson - University of Canterbury, Ian Bone - Beca Limited, Ian Wallis - Ian Wallis Associates

The NZ Transport Agency's Economic evaluation manual (EEM) provides guidance on the evaluation of journey time reliability in private road vehicle trips. The EEM currently does not provide for the evaluation of reliability for commercial vehicles and freight.

Austroads has recently reviewed the question of including reliability into project economic appraisal but has ...

12

Category: Research programme

Research Report 536 Optimising expenditure on roadside safety barriers

Published: Oct 2013
  • ISBN: 978-0-478-40786-0
  • Author: NJ Jamieson, Opus International Consultants | Dr S Richardson, Delta-V Experts, Victoria

This research, which was carried out in New Zealand in 2013, used computer simulation modelling to identify whether it is better to rectify or replace existing roadside crash barriers that are of substandard height or are corroded, or to install new roadside crash barriers at locations with significant hazards where there are currently no barriers. This information would assist road...

13

Category: Research programme

Research Report 534 Drivers of demand for transport

Published: Oct 2013
  • Reference: 534
  • ISBN: 978-0-478-40783-9
  • Author: Aleksandra Simic and Robert Bartels - Frontier Economics, Australia

Frontier Economics (Frontier) was engaged by the New Zealand Transport Agency (Transport Agency) to assist in identifying a 'best fit' methodology for assessing the historical relationship in New Zealand between: 1) economic activity and road freight activity; and 2) income growth and passenger vehicle travel. The Transport Agency would like to use these models to develop long-term...

14

Category: Research programme

Research Report 487 - Experience with the development of off-peak bus services

Published: Sep 2013
  • Reference: 487
  • ISBN: 978-0-478-39449-8
  • Author: Ian Wallis Associates Ltd, Wellington

This research was undertaken in 2010–2011 to appraise evidence from three New Zealand cities (Auckland, Dunedin, Hamilton) and four Australian cities (Adelaide, Brisbane, Melbourne, Perth) on the market impacts of improvements in urban bus services at off-peak periods. The primary focus was on the estimation of patronage changes and the corresponding demand elasticities in response to...

15

Category: Research programme

Research Report 520 - National long-term land transport demand model

Published: Sep 2013
  • Reference: 520
  • ISBN: 978-0-478-40730-3
  • Author: J Stephenson and L Zheng - NZIER

This report describes a National Long-term Land Transport Demand Model (NLTDM) for evaluating transport demand scenarios looking out 30 years and taking account of mega-trends in: population growth dynamics; spatial demographic trends; technology trends; income and economic growth; industrial composition; and policy.

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Category: Research programme

Research Report 527 - Improving bus service reliability

Published: Sep 2013
  • Reference: 527
  • ISBN: 978-0-478-40757-0
  • Author: Ian Wallis Associates Ltd -in association with - The TAS Partnership

The objective of this research (undertaken in 2010–12) was to provide urban bus operators and public transport contracting authorities in New Zealand with practical guidance on methods for diagnosis of urban bus service (un)reliability, the causes of unreliability, how unreliability is best measured and monitored, and experience and best practice on measures and methods to improve...

  • Reference: 531
  • ISBN: 978-0-478-40778-5
  • Author: G Currie, R Scott and K Tivendale - Booz

This report reviews research literature and published evidence regarding the value for money of urban public transport enhancements. The improvements most likely to be of value are peak period fare increases (which increase revenue but cause a decline in patronage), bus priority measures, rationalising peak network and service design (reducing vehicle and crew requirements) and bus route (and...

18

Category: Research programme

Research Report 525 Steel-concrete composite bridge design guide

Published: Sep 2013
  • ISBN: 978-0-478-40769-3
  • Author: HERA | SCI | AECOM

This report provides guidance on the design of steel-concrete composite bridges, which consist of steel girders and reinforced concrete slabs on top. Two common forms are considered: multi-girder and ladder deck bridges. Guidance is given on the general considerations for the preliminary and detailed design process, in addition to guidance on the verification of structural adequacy in...

19

Category: Research programme

Research Report 528 Improvement of visual road condition data

Published: Jun 2013
  • Reference: 528
  • ISBN: 978-0-478-40761-7
  • Author: MSP Tapper, Beca, Tauranga | TFP Henning, University of Auckland | KD Dunn, Beca, Tauranga

The objective of this research, which was carried out between 2010 and 2012, was to investigate the effectiveness of the current road condition rating system with a view to improving the accuracy and confidence in the data collected. This in turn will build confidence in key network performance indicators.

The use of visual road condition rating data in New Zealand has evolved from...

  • Reference: 529
  • ISBN: 978-0-478-40766-2
  • Author: TFP Henning, University of Auckland | SB Costello, University of Auckland | M Tapper, Beca, Tauranga

The NZTA has been using performance indicator analysis and levels of service reporting for some years to assist with funding allocation, monitoring the application of funds and ensuring these are spent appropriately. Undertaking performance reporting assists in the funding decision process by utilising:

- trend monitoring to show the network ‘health’ of an authority

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