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You searched in: Transport demand management


Category: Transport demand management

Research Report 561 - Benefits and delivery risks for bus infrastructure schemes

Published: Dec 2014
  • Reference: 561
  • Author: Ian Wallis, Ian Wallis Associates | Adam Lawrence, Ian Wallis Associates | Stuart Donovan, MRCagney Pty Ltd | Lennart Nout, MRCagney Pty Ltd | Kit McLean, Coalesce Consulting

This research evaluates existing policy and planning practices, both in New Zealand and overseas, and identifies a framework for appraising and evaluating the benefits and costs of bus-based infrastructure (bus stops and shelters, bus interchanges and bus priority) and the risks to successful project delivery. It suggests a combination of multi-criteria analysis and cost-benefit analysis can...

  • Also known as: 557
  • ISBN: ISBN: 978-0-478-41982-5
  • Author: GHD Limited

With increasing demand for travel and limited opportunities for increasing capacity within urban areas there is increasing pressure to make more effective use of the capacity available. One approach is the introduction of special vehicle lanes where particular classes of traffic, typically buses and high occupancy vehicles are permitted to use the lane.

Vehicles eligible to use...

  • Reference: 548
  • ISBN: 978-0-478-41939-9
  • Author: J Raine, A Withill, M Morecock Eddy

The New Zealand Transport Agency selected URS NZ Ltd to conduct a literature review in 2013 to find available cost and benefit information for traveller information systems (TIS) and associated products. The outcome of this literature review will be used as reference material for current traveller information projects and as the basis for future New Zealand TIS projects.

This study...


Category: Transport demand management

Research Report 545 - The relationship between crash rates and rutting

Published: Jan 2014
  • Reference: 545
  • ISBN: 978-0-478-41916-0
  • Author: PD Cenek, RJ Henderson and M Forbes - Opus Research (previously Opus Central Laboratories) | RB Davies - Statistics Research Associates | A Tait - National Institute of Water and Atmospherics

This report details research carried out in Wellington, New Zealand, over the period 2012-2013. The broad aim was to develop relationships between rut depths and crashes on New Zealand's state highway network.

A literature review suggested that deep ruts could either:

- increase crash rate because of reduced vehicle control, or
- reduce crash rate as drivers...


Category: Transport demand management

Research Report 541 - Driver risk from blood alcohol levels between 50mg/100ml and 80mg/100ml

Published: Dec 2013
  • Reference: 541
  • ISBN: 978-0-478-41902-3
  • Author: Samuel G Charlton and Nicola J Starkey - University of Waikato

The goal of the research was to evaluate the effects of alcohol on the performance of New Zealand drivers across 0.05% and 0.08% blood alcohol concentration (BAC) levels. An experimental test was conducted with 61 participants assigned to one of two alcohol dose conditions or a placebo control group. Comparison of alcohol doses showed that a BAC of 0.08% produced a level of impairment...


Category: Transport demand management

Research Report 540 Customers requirements of multimodal travel information systems

Published: Dec 2013
  • Reference: 540
  • ISBN: 978-0-478-41901-6
  • Author: J Chang, C Morahan Opus International Consultants, Christchurch | G Rive, Dr J Thomas Opus Research, Lower Hutt | C Crooks Opus International Consultants, Wellington

The purpose of this research was two-fold: 1) to provide evidence-based recommendations that identify the Transport Agency's customers' key information needs, and 2) to provide best-practice guidance on ways the Transport Agency can best offer and 'push' the delivery of multimodal travel information that is tailored to individuals.

This research was...


Category: Transport demand management

Research Report 533 Economic appraisal of public transport service enhancements

Published: Oct 2013
  • Reference: 533
  • ISBN: 978-0-478-40781-5
  • Author: I Wallis and A Lawrence - Ian Wallis Associates Ltd and N Douglas - Douglas Economics

This research project was undertaken to provide guidance on appropriate methods and benefits parameters to use in the economic appraisal of public transport proposals (in particular service enhancements) in New Zealand.

The research involved two focus areas and a case study. The first focus area included an international review of economic and project appraisal approaches and...


Category: Transport demand management

Research Report 514 The contribution of public transport to economic productivity

Published: Jan 2013
  • Reference: 514
  • ISBN: 978-0-478-70421-1
  • Author: John Bolland, Stuart Donovan, Tim Hazledine

The objective of this research was to quantify the contribution of public transport to economic productivity. Based on our review of the literature we decided to extend and apply Venables’ microeconomic model of the productivity benefits of transport improvements, which considers the interplay between commuting costs and agglomeration economies. We extended Venables’ model in two...


Category: Transport demand management

Research report 506 Identify, evaluate and recommend bus priority interventions

Published: Nov 2012
  • Reference: 506
  • ISBN: 978-0-478-40703-07
  • Author: AECOM Ltd

The purpose of the research topic was to develop a practical decision-assisting tool for identifying appropriate bus priority interventions for any given situation based upon route and intersection characteristics.

In developing our proposed methodology the research team was keen to ensure the final product would be an active ‘live’ decision assisting tool available at...

  • Reference: 474
  • ISBN: ISBN 978-0-478-39409-2 (print); ISBN 978-0-478-39210-8 (electronic)
  • Author: Booz and Company

This report investigates the degree to which current tax polices influence travel behaviour (perhaps unintentionally) in ways that contradict strategic policy objectives. It also evaluates potential tax policy reforms that could help increase efficiency and equity.

Current New Zealand fringe benefit tax (FBT) policies encourage employers to offer company cars (including associated...


Category: Transport demand management

Research report 473 Calibration of trip distribution by generalised linear models

Published: Feb 2012
  • Reference: 473
  • ISBN: ISBN 978-0-478-39404-7 (print); ISBN 978-0-478-39403-0 (electronic)
  • Author: University of Canterbury

Generalised linear models (GLMs) provide a flexible and sound basis for calibrating gravity models for trip distribution, for a wide range of deterrence functions (from steps to splines), with K factors and geographic segmentation. The Tanner function fitted Wellington Transport Strategy Model data as well as more complex functions and was insensitive to the formulation of intrazonal and...

  • Reference: 464
  • ISBN: ISBN 978-0-478-38079-8 (print); ISBN 978-0-478-38078-1 (electronic)
  • Author: A W Brennand

Route choice is determined by some function of mean travel time and distance on the routes available in most traffic assignment models. Increasing traffic volumes on a route increases delay, making a particular route less desirable.

The NZTA (2010) Economic evaluation manual allows the benefits of improved network reliability to be monetised. However, our network models are unable to...


Category: Transport demand management

Research report 467 National travel profiles part B: trips, trends and travel prediction

Published: Dec 2011
  • Reference: 467
  • ISBN: ISBN 978-0-478-38090-3 (print); ISBN 978-0-478-38089-7 (electronic)
  • Author: Abley Transportation Consultants Ltd

Using data held within the New Zealand Household Travel Survey (NZHTS), this research examined changes in travel behaviour between 2003 and 2010 and sought to determine whether travel behaviours such as journey times, mode choice, trip complexity and trip generation rates differed by area type and region. A key aim of the research was to unlock further value from the data for the benefit of...

  • Reference: 449
  • ISBN: ISBN 978-0-478-38019-4 (print); ISBN 978-0-478-38018-7 (electronic)
  • Author: S Kingham, K Taylor - Department of Geography, G Koorey - Department of Civil and Natural Resources Engineering, University of Canterbury / Te Whare Wananga O Waitaha

This research, which was conducted from July 2008 to January 2010, investigated what type of cycling infrastructure would encourage 'new cyclists' (ie people who either do not currently cycle at all, or people who do not currently cycle for utilitarian trips) to use cycling as their mode of transport for daily activities in New Zealand.

The research involved undertaking an...

  • Reference: 436
  • ISBN: 978-0-478-37167-3 (electronic)
  • Author: Beca Infrastructure Ltd

Walking is an essential mode of transport. New and improved pedestrian facilities promote walking and provide greater access and mobility within our communities.

The NZ Transport Agency has recently updated the procedures for the evaluation of pedestrian improvement projects. The benefit factor applying to new pedestrian trips was increased from $0.50 to $2.70/km, ...

  • Reference: 426
  • ISBN: ISBN 978-0-478-37126-0 (print); ISBN 978-0-478-37125-3 (electronic)
  • Author: Massey University, Otago Polytechnic

Cycling for transport in New Zealand is a minority activity, yet the recreational cycling market is growing. The car is the most popular choice of travel mode by far. There is a clear desire to encourage more practical cycling in New Zealand, but limited understanding of who will be the next practical cyclists and how to encourage them. This research, from July 2008 to June 2010, applied the...


Category: Transport demand management

Research report 434 Appraisal of factors influencing public transport patronage

Published: Jan 2011
  • Reference: 434
  • ISBN: ISBN 978-0-478-37151-2 (electronic)
  • Author: Booz and Company

This project examined the demand for local bus and rail services during the period 1996 2008 in the three major cities in New Zealand: Auckland, Wellington and Christchurch. In order to determine the drivers behind changes in public transport ridership over time, econometric analysis techniques were applied to analyse the time series data of patronage of major public transport mode(s) in the...


Category: Transport demand management

Research report 417 Auditing public transport accessibility in New Zealand

Published: Oct 2010
  • Reference: 417
  • ISBN: ISBN 978-0-478-36491-0 (electronic)
  • Author: Pinnacle Research and Policy Ltd

This research project, conducted in 2007 2009, reviewed international best practice for auditing public transport (PT) accessibility, and developed and piloted a New Zealand-specific PT accessibility audit methodology.

The accessibility audit and report card takes a 'whole-of-journey' approach to accessibility, thus including: service coverage, accessing information about...


Category: Transport demand management

Research report 413 Feasibility study of a national trip-end model for New Zealand

Published: Sep 2010
  • Reference: 413
  • ISBN: ISBN 978-0-478-36473-6 (electronic)
  • Author: John Bolland, Russell Jones

This report presents the findings of a research project to investigate the feasibility of developing a national trip-end model (NTEM) for New Zealand. The rationale for this is to allow policy issues to be addressed nationally in a consistent manner with trip generation, distribution and mode split considered at the national level.

The research examined large area models from...

  • Reference: 418
  • ISBN: 978-0-478-36493-4 (electronic)
  • Author: Beca Infrastructure Ltd

The integration of cycling and public transport (cycle-PT) can provide additional transport modal choice and flexibility in the use of existing public transport and also increase cycling trips and transit patronage. A model was developed for forecasting demand for bike racks on board public transport and secure storage at stations and terminals in different contexts and for different public...

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