This benefit cluster comprises three benefits relating to mode of transport, air emissions and noise. From the personal decision of whether to cycle or drive to the supermarket to the ongoing impact of operations of arterial routes on people living or working close to them, this cluster is about how transport impacts on the health of people who use or are affected by others’ use of the transport system.


Three benefits sit beneath this benefit cluster:

3.1 Impact of mode on physical and mental health

3.2 Impact of air emissions on health

3.3 Impact of noise and vibration on health


> Return to the overview of the Land Transport Benefits Framework