Transport demand management
Research & reports
In urban areas with relatively low population densities and high car ownership, as in New Zealand, 'park and ride' (P+R) is a potentially powerful urban transport policy tool. It is being adopted in cities worldwide (including UK, Europe, and Australia) as a major component of urban transport policies to restrain road traffic and to encourage public transport use. This report describes a project, carried out in 1998, to develop guidelines and criteria to assist in the planning and demand estimation for P+R policies and facilities in New Zealand's major urban centres. It will have direct applications in urban transport policy development and planning studies, including modelling and evaluation aspects. P+R attempts to combine the benefits of both car use and public transport use into an efficient and effective system and to transfer parking demand from the central business district (CBD) to suburban/urban fringe locations. International experience with P+R is reviewed.