This research project developed an evaluation framework for estimating the cost-benefit analysis of integrating public transport (PT) with walking and cycling.
The research was based on a review of the available international evidence of public transport access and egress behaviour. Where evidence was available, analysis of trip chains from the New Zealand Household Travel Survey highlighted patterns of public transport access and egress in a New Zealand context and, importantly, provided an indication of the mode shift and trip generation impacts of improved access to public transport.
This research report is accompanied by a spreadsheet evaluation tool, which can be employed to estimate the dollar value of improvements to the integration of public transport, walking and cycling. The research compared the monetary appraisal values from international business case guidance with the NZ Transport Agency's Economic evaluation manual, and the evaluation tool is consistent with this guidance.
The report includes a review of how walking and cycling at either end of a PT trip is represented in data collection, transport planning and modelling, and makes practical recommendations to aid integrated planning in the future.