Land Transport Rule

Passenger Service Vehicles Amendment 2012

Rule 31001/6

Note: This Rule should be read in conjunction with the consolidated version of Land Transport Rule: Passenger Service Vehicles 1999, which includes previous Rule amendments.


Objective of the Rule

Extent of consultation

Section 1     Application

Section 2     Amendments to Rule requirements

Section 3     Amendments to Definitions

Objective of the Rule

Land Transport Rule: Passenger Service Vehicles Amendment 2012 (the amendment Rule) makes changes to Land Transport Rule: Passenger Service Vehicles 1999 (the Rule). The Rule specifies the minimum requirements for the design and construction of all passenger service vehicles that operate on New Zealand's roads.

The overriding objective is to ensure that the Rule accommodates the ongoing changes (including new technology and issues of accessibility) affecting passenger service vehicles. In line with the Government's objective of improving the quality of regulations and reducing unnecessary prescription, the amendment Rule updates provisions in the Rule and removes redundant or unduly restrictive requirements.

The changes introduced by the amendment Rule:



Entry and exit steps and ramps



Vision from the driving position

Emergency exits

Guard rails and partitions

Fire fighting and protection against fire


Baggage, freight and pushchairs

Steering systems

Changes in terminology used in Rule


Certificate of Loading


¹ Television screens for assisting the driver to reverse safely are provided for in Land Transport Rule: Vehicle Equipment 2004.

Extent of consultation

Consultation on the draft amendment Rule began with the release by the NZ Transport Agency, in September 2011, of the public consultation (yellow) draft for comment on the proposed changes to the Rule. The NZ Transport Agency sent a letter or emailed advice about the availability of the yellow draft to about 800 groups and individuals who had registered an interest in the Rule. The draft was made available through the NZ Transport Agency's Contact Centre and, together with Questions and Answers, was available on the NZ Transport Agency's website.

Prior to consulting on the draft amendment Rule, the NZ Transport Agency had sought and received comments from several stakeholder groups, including the Bus and Coach Association and other interested industry groups which were valuable in developing the scope and content of the amendment Rule.

The availability of the draft amendment Rule was publicised in the metropolitan daily newspapers in Auckland, Hamilton, Wellington, Christchurch and Dunedin and in selected regional daily newspapers, and in the New Zealand Gazette.

The NZ Transport Agency received 17 submissions. The submissions were taken into account in redrafting the amendment Rule before it was submitted to Cabinet, and then to the Associate Minister of Transport for signature.

Section 1     Application

1.1     Title

This Rule is Land Transport Rule: Passenger Service Vehicles Amendment 2012.

1.2     Date when Rule comes into force

This Rule comes into force on 1 October 2012.

1.3     Scope of Rule

This Rule amends Land Transport Rule: Passenger Service Vehicles 1999.

Section 2     Amendments to Rule requirements

2.1     Application

2.1(1)     Replace clause 1.6(a) with:

2.1(2)     Replace clause 1.6(b) with:

2.2     Entrance and exit

2.2(1)     Delete clause 2.1(10)(c).

2.2(2)     After clause 2.2(2), insert:

2.2(3)     In clause 2.2(3), after "alongside", insert "and within the direct line of sight of".

2.2(4)     Replace clause 2.2(5) with:

2.2(5)     In clause 2.3(1) replace "non-slip" with "slip resistant".

2.2(6)     Replace clause 2.3(3) with:

2.3     Aisles

2.3(1)     In clause 3.2(2)(f) replace "non-slip material" with "slip resistant material".

2.3(2)     Replace clause 3.3(3) with:

2.4     Seating

2.4(1)     In clause 4.1(9)(a), after "seats", insert "except folding seats fitted in accordance with 4.1(10)".

2.4(2)     In clause 4.1(9)(b), after the second occurrence of "seats", insert "except folding seats fitted in accordance with 4.1(10)".

2.4(3)     After clause 4.1(9), insert:

2.4(4)     Replace the heading to clause 4.2 with "Folding and tilting seats fitted in stairwells".

2.4(5)     In clause 4.2(2), after "Folding", insert "or tilting".

2.4(6)     In clause 4.2(2)(b), after "fold-away", insert "or tilted".

2.4(7)     In clause 4.4(3), after "driver is provided with a", insert "clear".

2.4(8)     Replace clause 4.4(3)(b) with:

2.4(9)     Replace clause 4.4(4) with:

2.5     Emergency exits

2.5(1)     Replace clause 5.3(1) with:

2.5(2)     After clause 5.3(2), insert:

2.5(3)     Replace clause 5.4(2)(c) with:

2.5(4)     After clause 5.4(2)(c), insert:

2.5(5)     In clause 5.6(3)(c), after "gap", insert ", greater than 150 mm,".

2.6     Safety design features and loading

2.6(1)     Replace clause 6.1(3) with:

2.6(2)     After clause 6.2(1), replace "Materials and design" with "Materials, design and maintenance".

2.6(3)     Replace clause 6.2(5) with:

2.6(4)     After clause 6.2(5), insert:

2.6(5)     In clause 6.2(6), after "materials", insert "in a manner that complies with the engine manufacturer's specifications for minimum clearances".

2.6(6)     After clause 6.2(6), insert:

2.6(7)     Replace clause 6.2(16) with:

2.6(8)     After clause 6.2(16), insert:

2.6(9)     After clause 6.4(6), insert:

2.6(10)     Replace clause 6.6(1)(b) with:

2.6(11)     Replace clause 6.8(2) with:

2.6(12)     Replace clause 6.8(3) with:

2.6(13)     In clause 6.13(2), replace "motor vehicle" with "light motor vehicle".

2.6(14)     After clause 6.15, insert:

2.7     Stability and structural strength

2.7(1)     In clause 7.1(2)(f), replace "certifier" with "vehicle inspector".

2.7(2)     In clause 7.1(2)(g), replace "a person authorised by the Agency" with "a vehicle inspector".

2.7(3)     Replace clause 7.3(3)(b) with:

2.7(4)     In clause 7.3(4)(d)(ii), replace "person authorised by the Agency to do so" with "vehicle inspector".

2.7(5)     In clause 7.4, replace "person authorised by the Agency to do so" with "vehicle inspector".

2.7(6)     In clause 7.5(13), replace "person specifically authorised by the Agency to do so" with "vehicle inspector".

2.7(7)     In clause 7.5(14), replace "person authorised by the Agency" with "vehicle inspector".

2.8     Requirements for special equipment for persons with disabilities

2.8(1)     In clause 8.2(2)(b), replace "non-slip" with "slip resistant".

2.8(2)     In clause 8.2(2)(f)(iii), replace "person authorised by the Agency to do so" with "vehicle inspector".

2.8(3)     In clause 8.4(1)(c)(vii), replace "person authorised by the Agency" with "vehicle inspector".

2.8(4)     After clause 8.4(2), insert:

2.9     Certificate of Loading

2.9(1)     In clause 9.1(3), delete "light".

2.9(2)     In clause 9.1(5)(b), replace "1.83 m" with "1.80 m".

2.9(3)     After clause 9.1(5)(b), insert:

2.9(4)     After clause 9.1(5)(h), insert:

2.9(5)     After clause 9.1(5), insert:

2.9(6)     Replace clause 9.2(2) with:

2.9(7)     In clause 9.2(3), replace "maximum deemed passenger loading" with "maximum deemed occupant loading".

2.9(8)     After clause 9.2(3), insert:

2.10     Responsibilities

In clause 10.4, replace "authorised" with "appointed".

Section 3     Amendments to Definitions

3.1     Insertion of definitions

In Part 2 Definitions, insert in the appropriate places:

3.2     Amendment to definition

In Part 2 Definitions, the definition of 'passenger service', replace "from requiring a Transport Service Licence under the Transport Services Licensing Act 1989" with "in section 12 of Land Transport Rule: Operator Licensing 2007, or that is an exempt transport service as specified in the Transport Services Licensing Regulations 1989".

Land Transport Rule: Passenger Service Vehicles Amendment 2012 - Rule 31001/6
NZ Transport Agency, Waka Kotahi