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Classifying Movement and Place allows for better consideration of surrounding land use, multi-modal networks, community wellbeing, economic activity and growth aspirations for the future.

‘Movement and Place’ or ‘Link and Place’ strategies are increasingly being used internationally to improve the integration of transport and land-use planning, including in some New Zealand cities (Auckland, Tauranga, Christchurch) and others in Australia, the United Kingdom and Canada.

The One Network Framework (ONF) has extended these mostly city-based strategies to a national framework, which can also account for rural networks, that make up a significant portion of New Zealand’s roads and streets.

In evolving the ONRC to a movement and place classification framework, the following key shifts were made:

  • The ‘movement’ emphasis has shifted from a focus on the volume of vehicles on the network to the network’s functional importance for moving people and goods, by any mode.
  • The new framework takes into account adjacent land use, and the role the transport network plays as part of the wider public realm.
  • The framework (when fully implemented) considers both the current function of the network, and the desired future function of the network, to allow gaps to be identified and guide investment decision-making.
  • The framework has become multi-modal and (when fully implemented) includes freight, walking, cycling and public transport networks, some of which include ‘off road’ routes.

While the framework is now at a stage that is ready to begin implementation, the transport and land-use sectors are likely to learn through doing as we roll it out.

There may be future iterations or tweaks to the framework as we better understand how to apply movement and place within the New Zealand context, and have a deeper understanding of how it integrates into the way we do things.

Approach to classification

Classification of streets and roads is undertaken to:

  • recognise that roads and streets provide different functions within the transport network
  • describe the transport network based on its current and future function using a common language
  • drive consistency in service levels for similar function roads
  • monitor and benchmark network performance by different street categories, and modes
  • guide planning, operations and investment decisions.

In order to achieve all of these desired outcomes it is important that the classification framework is applied consistently across New Zealand.

The intention is to have a framework that is easy to use, intuitive, and avoids being overly prescriptive. It is recommended that street categories are classified initially based on the classification guidance, and then if appropriate adjust the classification based on metrics.

This means placing more weight on the classification factors like strategic significance, and adjacent land use, and less on the quantitative metrics.

Collaborative multi-disciplinary approach

Classification should involve a collaborative, multidisciplinary approach.  Representation at workshops to classify networks should include a range of disciplines from both local and regional government that cover land-use planning, transport planning, asset management, multi-modal transport networks and urban design.

Relationship of roles for Design and Planning, with Movement and Place

Venn diagram showing the relationship of roles for Design and Planning, with Movement and Place

The One Network Framework provides a common language for all disciplines involved in transport system and land-use planning and design.