Cycling networks generally contain many types of facilities, and a range of people using them. Different people who cycle have different abilities and needs and therefore different preferences in terms of facility type. Before deciding what provision should be made for people on bikes, it is necessary to define who the network or route is intended to cater for and understand clearly what these people need.

Should cycle facilities be provided on-road or off-road? Should they be provided on urban arterial roads, or should these roads be avoided? What provisions should be made for cycling in rural areas?

The following sections of the CNG describe and discuss alternative approaches to network planning and the array of cycle facilities available.