The following aspects should be considered when designing a signalised crossing to accommodate cyclists:
Shared or segregated
A decision should be made whether to provide a shared crossing that accommodates both cyclists and pedestrians, or a segregated crossing with distinct areas for pedestrians and cyclists. Segregated crossings are more appropriate where there are high volumes of pedestrians and/or cyclists. They also allow for the shorter signal phase for cyclists to run separately from the pedestrian signal phase, thereby reducing the delays to drivers. If that is done, separate signal hardware for pedestrians and cyclists must be provided.
Design considerations for different types of crossings including signalised crossings is provided in Austroads Guide to Traffic Management Part 6 (Section 6.2)(external link).
Detecting cyclists is likely to be needed at crossings, for example Induction loops can be used to detect cyclists on the approach to the crossing which minimises waiting time for cyclists. Details on cycle detection is provided within the signalised intersections content.
In general, midblock crossings should operate independently of any co-ordinated traffic control system. However, a signalised crossing can be co-ordinated with other signals if vehicle operating speeds are more than 70 km/h, or if the crossing is located very close to an adjacent signalised intersection that is part of the co-ordinated system.