Walking is the most space-efficient form of transport and makes the best use our streets.
The figure below shows the space used by each mode of transport. This can enable a conversation about space being used in the best way possible, particularly when space constraints are an issue in growing towns and cities.
Repurposing street space for more efficient travel modes increases the total street capacity; refer to the Global Street Design Guide for a useful comparison of car oriented versus multi modal streets.
Traffic in urban areas, and the consequent economic cost, is a central consideration for assessing various modes of transport. A study commissioned by the Waka Kotahi estimates costs of congestion to be in the region $1.25 billion per annum.
A shift to more walking or riding, particularly for short journeys during peak periods, could improve the capacity of our transport systems: