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Research report 467 National travel profiles part B: trips, trends and travel prediction

Published: | Category: Research & reports , Research programme | Audience: General

Using data held within the New Zealand Household Travel Survey (NZHTS), this research examined changes in travel behaviour between 2003 and 2010 and sought to determine whether travel behaviours such as journey times, mode choice, trip complexity and trip generation rates differed by area type and region. A key aim of the research was to unlock further value from the data for the benefit of transport planners and engineers. The research explored the extent to which NZHTS data could be used in a predictive context and examined a method to extract and arrange the NZHTS data into a form that would allow practitioners to quickly undertake a range of enquiries based on user-specified variables such as car ownership and household compositions to reveal area-specific travel behaviours.

Research report 426 'I'll just take the car' – improving bicycle transportation to encourage its use on short trips

Published: | Category: Research & reports , Research programme | Audience: General

Cycling for transport in New Zealand is a minority activity, yet the recreational cycling market is growing. The car is the most popular choice of travel mode by far. There is a clear desire to encourage more practical cycling in New Zealand, but limited understanding of who will be the next practical cyclists and how to encourage them. This research, from July 2008 to June 2010, applied the affective design methodology to the goal of increasing practical cycling in New Zealand. A literature review revealed that overseas best practice is for integrated local cycling policies. Theories of diffusion of innovations and contemplation of change were highlighted and used to inform the project. A review of the New Zealand cycling market showed limited choice of and access to practical cycling tools. A survey of 234 New Zealand cyclists and non-cyclists demonstrated differences between the groups in perception of bicycles and cyclists,...

Research Report 136 Park & ride policies and criteria

Published: | Category: Research & reports , Research programme | Audience: General

In urban areas with relatively low population densities and high car ownership, as in New Zealand, 'park and ride' (P+R) is a potentially powerful urban transport policy tool. It is being adopted in cities worldwide (including UK, Europe, and Australia) as a major component of urban transport policies to restrain road traffic and to encourage public transport use. This report describes a project, carried out in 1998, to develop guidelines and criteria to assist in the planning and demand estimation for P+R policies and facilities in New Zealand's major urban centres. It will have direct applications in urban transport policy development and planning studies, including modelling and evaluation aspects. P+R attempts to combine the benefits of both car use and public transport use into an efficient and effective system and to transfer parking demand from the central business district (CBD) to suburban/urban fringe locations. International experience with P+R is reviewed.

Research Report 018 Land transport pricing for New Zealand

Published: | Category: Research & reports , Research programme | Audience: General

As part of the management of the land tranpsort system of New Zealand, a study of land transport pricing policies, with particular emphasis on road pricing, has been carried out. The study comprised a review of relevant literature and the development of a proposed land transport pricing research programme for New Zealand. The report of this study consists of three parts:

Research Report 387 Optimisation of heavy vehicle performance

Published: | Category: Research & reports , Research programme | Audience: General

Operational requirements, vehicle dimensions and mass limits, other regulations and road user charges all influence on the type of vehicle used for passenger and freight transport in New Zealand. The aim of this research was to improve the performance of New Zealand’s heavy vehicle fleet in protecting the road and bridge infrastructure, improving safety, reducing environmental impact and reducing congestion. To achieve this aim, typical vehicles used in six transport tasks in New Zealand were benchmarked against vehicles undertaking those same tasks in Australia, Canada, Southeast Asia, and the United Kingdom. The six transport tasks analysed were passenger coach transport, bulk liquids and materials transport, 40 foot ISO intermodal container transport, and livestock and refrigerated goods transport. A more optimal New Zealand truck and full trailer is presented, and ways to optimise other vehicle configurations are discussed.

Research Report 138 Travel time values theoretical framework and research outline – stage 1

Published: | Category: Research & reports , Research programme | Audience: General

A research project was undertaken in 1996/97 to review issues and practices relating to the valuation of travel time savings in New Zealand and internationally, and to develop an appropriate framework and an outline market research programme for establishing improved valuations of travel time savings in New Zealand. It was intended that the valuations would then be incorporated into procedures for evaluating transport improvement projects in New Zealand. The project involved: review of New Zealand and international practice relating to the valuation of travel times savings; appraisal of theoretical issues in the valuation of travel time savings and development of an appropriate analytical framework for valuation; review of market research approaches to obtaining valuations of time savings; and development of an outline research programme for undertaking market research in New Zealand.

Research Report 223 Analysis of patronage data from public transport case studies New Zealand

Published: | Category: Research & reports , Research programme | Audience: General

A research project was undertaken in 2001 to analyse the patronage and cost-effectiveness impacts of nine public transport enhancement initiatives (the case studies) in three New Zealand cities (Christchurch, Wellington, Auckland). The patronage impacts and service elasticity values were assessed for each case study, along with an analysis of previous travel mode, patronage growth patterns, synergy effects, and cost effectiveness. Patronage increases were generally greater for new services than for enhancements to existing services, and the service enhancements to existing services were generally not as cost-effective as the new services. Patronage was found to continue increasing after 12 months, but only by 15–30% over the next three years. The success of a service enhancement scheme can therefore be reasonably judged after 12 months of operation provided allowance is made for the further increase likely beyond this time. Service elasticity values derived were generally within typical internationally reported values.

Research Report 557 Getting more from our roads: an evaluation of special vehicle lanes on urban arterials

Published: | Category: Research & reports , Research programme | Audience: Road traffic engineers & consultants

With increasing demand for travel and limited opportunities for increasing capacity within urban areas there is increasing pressure to make more effective use of the capacity available. One approach is the introduction of special vehicle lanes where particular classes of traffic, typically buses and high occupancy vehicles are permitted to use the lane.

Research Report 014 Total mobility scheme: influences on costs and usage

Published: | Category: Research & reports , Research programme | Audience: General

The New Zealand Total Mobility Scheme is a nationwide project to assist with provision of transportation for people with disabilities that preclude their use of public transport. Findings related to the costs of, and external influences on, the New Zealand Total Mobility Scheme are discussed. Field work was carried out predominantly in Auckland, although information from other regions was also obtained.

Research Report 183 Personal travel characteristics of New Zealanders – analysis of home interview survey data

Published: | Category: Research & reports , Research programme | Audience: General

This research project, carried out between 1995–1997, explores the personal travel characteristics of New Zealanders that have been recorded in various household interview surveys (HIS) carried out over the last 30 years. It has brought together all the household interview survey data, both in electronic form and as documents, that are still available in New Zealand.