Regional, district and city councils set out how they will undertake their functions in a range of planning documents. These include long-term plans, regional and district plans, infrastructure strategies, policy statements and growth strategies. These documents also identify the transport aspirations of local communities.
The Transport Agency works collaboratively with local government and key stakeholders to identify the best choice of transport systems for their communities, regionally and nationally. We contribute to the development of the following strategies and plans that local government is expected to deliver:
Case-by-case decisions are made on whether to submit on proposed plan changes and variations relating to specific developments, resource consent applications and notices of requirement.
Regional policy statements establish a council's broad direction and framework for resource management within its region. The statements play a key role under the Resource Management Act 1991 as regional and district plans must include actions to give effect to them.
The regional plans help the council carry out its Resource Management Act functions and can cover:
Councils produce LTPs every three years. These LTPs set out a council's priorities for the coming decade based on goals agreed with its community, including for transport activities. The council must set out its plans in detail for the first three years and in summary for the following seven. The LTPs show when the council plans to implement each project, what the project will achieve and how the council proposes to fund it.
Learn more about local government planning through Local Government New Zealand's website(external link).
While not required under legislation (except for Auckland), councils are increasingly using growth strategies and plans to coordinate land use, infrastructure and financial needs.
Regional councils can implement growth strategies through:
The RLTPs are high-level plans that provide a strategic link between transport activities at a national level and those at a local level (as set out in regional land transport programmes). Regional councils, through regional transport committees, can use these to set out the transport goals for their region.
Regional transport committees prepare the RLTPs every six years (with a mid-term review) to set out a region's land transport activities. They list the activities regions want included in the NLTP. A region's programmes have to be consistent with the impacts the government wishes to achieve through the allocation of national land transport funds. See guiding legislation:
The RLTPs should include all activity proposed to be delivered by an approved organisation, or by us. They are expected to include activities that deliver on the regional strategies and priorities by including the key programmes, packages and activities identified for the region within the activity classes set out in the GPS. Activity classes include:
District plans establish council policies and regulations for land use and subdivision, and the environmental effects arising from these activities. The plans set out how councils carry out their functions under the Resource Management Act 1991 as well as guide decisions over new transport activities.
RPTPs are required by legislation to outline the public transport services and infrastructure provided in the region (both generally and specifically for the transport disadvantaged). The RPTPs must be prepared in consultation with the public transport operators, the public and territorial authorities. These RPTPs may cover services, routes, capacity, frequency, fares and any other matters considered appropriate.
The Transport Agency's 2013 guidelines for preparing regional public transport plans reflect recent legislative and operational policy changes, and they guide preparation of RPTPs.
The RPTP guidelines update for public transport continuous programmes have been updated with changes to demonstrate how the RPTP can be refreshed and to show how the business case approach can be applied to the development of the public transport programme.
Activity and asset management planning underpins the delivery of land transport services. Schedule 10 of the Local Government Act, sets out the information that local authorities are required to include in LTPs. Much of this information will flow out of effective activity management, and may best be documented in activity management plans.
AMPs are required under the Local Government Act, provide the framework for councils to recognise, deliver and plan for future service levels, operation of spend, network expansion requirements, funding impacts and capital programmes. Councils can use these AMPs to align the strategic objectives of their LTP to their day-to-day business.
The AMPs are expected to identify the services and works required for current and future land transport activities and demonstrate:
Structure planning is a tool for managing the effects and demands of development or redevelopment in an integrated, holistic and orderly way. Structure plans provide a framework to guide the development or redevelopment of a particular area by defining:
The Local Government Act (section 101B) requires each local authority to prepare and adopt an infrastructure strategy as part of its long-term plan. The infrastructure strategy is to cover a period of at least 30 consecutive years.
The purpose of the infrastructure strategy is to identify significant infrastructure issues and options, including transportation, for managing them over the period covered by the strategy.
RSAPs provide a sense of urgency, focus and commitment to mitigate road safety risks. The RSAPs record agreed local road safety risks, objectives and targets, actions, and monitoring and reviewing processes. Each plan is the result of collaboration by key road safety partners. The RSAPs are the primary mechanism for coordination of education, engineering and enforcement approaches to road safety problems at sub-regional levels.
Demand management strategies bring together a collection of measures used to make best use of the existing network and reduce the demand for travel, particularly by single occupancy vehicles. Demand management strategies are required to be included in regional land transport strategies. Many demand management strategies have action plans which identify how these measures will be achieved.
Many councils have produced walking and cycling strategies. These strategies set out their community’s vision for more cyclist and pedestrian friendly environments. Many of the strategies have action plans, which identify how these aspirations will be achieved.